test documentation

Testing consists of several tasks. One of the possible examples — the procedure can’t be held without planning or systematizing the obtained data. Testers’ duties are often underestimated though. Such people are responsible to control each stage of testing and make a so-called story out of each case, including its introduction (preparation stage with the test scenarios development), main part (tests executing, for instance), and conclusions (evaluating the work done).

Let’s consider some specific terms. One of the crucial notions to bear in mind is a test case. Tester’s professional documentation is usually called like that. However, what is meant by test case in a more detailed sense? In terminology, this notion is applied to name a document with a step-by-step instruction of how to achieve a requested result, along with all the accompanying parameters and indicators. What is the test case in testing? In this perspective, the meaning is more generalized. Basically, it is still a test system description, but its steps can be performed by any team’s member, regardless of his direct duties — even a business consumer and a developer.

The form the test cases are described is various. The same concerns their structure. The representation format depends a lot on the particular needs of a team and the tasks they are to complete. Overall, the list of the must-have test case attributes includes the following:

  • Unique identifier — this is required to avoid any issues with storing files and simplify the search of the necessary file among several test kits.
  • Title — you should understand from the first sight the main theme of a document. In this case, brevity is the soul of wit.
  • Precautions — to be able to become proactive, it is a must to include all the possible test case conditions, even those which don’t have a direct relation to the functionality under testing.
  • Steps (also known as scripts) — dozens of ideas are to be performed in the form of well-structured instruction of what action to apply to meet the objectives.
  • Conclusions — that is a description of what results are expected.

Obviously, the better the test case documentation is created, the easier it is for a responsible individual to perform the test itself. If you have to dip into extra files with unnecessary details or too-much unrelated information, you will just waste time — the easy-to-support parameter is extremely important. What is a good test case then? Without a doubt, that is the one with a great structure in use. To eliminate possible issues, just form the single test case templates and find the best one. This will help increase your team efficiency dramatically and simplify the routine work at the same time.

When it comes to software development life cycle, the test cases are its irreplaceable part. Without this paperwork done, specialists will hardly be able to trace the project’s progress, fix mistakes, and improve the program itself. However, if you want to boost up your efficiency, you can’t but use the invention of the Agile era — test scenarios.

Simple Explanation: Test Scenario

What is a test case and what is a test case and test scenario? These two notions may be confused frequently. Under the latter term, people usually mean a set of test cases. Its task is to define the project’s advantageous and disadvantageous aspects. In other words, a test scenario provides an overview of the material to check — one-line data.

What is testing in software testing? Performing test scenarios, the testers are to put themselves in the target audience’s place. Their aim is to find real usage options which can be realized in a program by the end customer. Testers get assistance from the third-parties, including developers, stakeholders, and potential or current product’s consumers.

The process of making test cases and scenarios is interrelated though. Test cases are the derivation of the corresponding test scenarios. At the same time, the cases that are already applied are commonly used to make new scenarios.

The goal of test scenarios is to ensure the application functioning meets the set requirements. Besides, they help to check whether all features’ performance is satisfactory. Unlike the test cases, the opposite option under analysis is less straightforward and is far from a detailed guide what steps to apply. Therefore, testers may be more flexible.

Test Documentation Creation

Overall, there are two language systems the test scenario can be applied in — natural (your native one) and programming (relates to automated cases). When making this document format, it is highly important to follow some rules, regardless of the fact whether they are oriented for manual or opposite testing tools. Test scenarios are to be accurate and avoid ambiguity. At the same time, they have to be simple. That is a guarantee the testers will understand their duties correctly.

What makes a good test case? Apart from briefness and well-structured format, one of the things to do to achieve great results is to define objective usage options and improve them. For that, you need to consider the product from the end user’s perspective and consider how the software requirements can be realized to satisfy the final project’s objectives. In this case, specification is also the key.

In general, the responsibility of writing test cases lies on the QA team. What a management can and has to do is to ensure a person to perform this task prides himself on realizing project’s properties. Besides, he should be a skillful writer and know the main notions of test cases. Believe it or not, this preparation test is equally crucial to the testing procedure itself. The better you analyze the software, its functions and usage options under different conditions, the more accurate testing could be applied.

Test Case under the QA Perspective

Whether a digital product will succeed after release or not depends on the overall test cases’ reliability — the quality of performance, creation, and following plan realization. However, the expected results won’t be accurate if possible drawbacks are not taken into consideration. What is positive test case and what is negative test case? Let’s clarify their relation to the matter.

Under the first notion, we mean the analysis that uses correct information only. Thus, it is a check of how well a particular feature is realized in the final product. On the contrary, the second notion is applied to describe the test case with both right and false data (minimum one incorrect parameter is a must to include). The task is slightly opposite: the negative test case allows verifying how software responds to the specific conditions and triggers. This is a so-called test for exceptional performance situations.

Test cases are applied in manual and automated testing. The variety of testing types when the manual approach is chosen can’t help but impress. Apart from commonly known functional testing, the procedure may include more specific checks like stress, acceptance, and smoke testing.

Without a doubt, automated approach allows simplifying the process enormously. There are some cases when this method is recommended to consider:

  • The testing time frame— if it is used repeatedly.
  • The complexity level — if the tests are multicomponent and contain a lot of data entries.
  • If the selected tests cases provide results’ accuracy.
  • Testing passes or fails explicitly.
  • If the user interface and controls are unchangeable and persistent.
  • Straightforwardness — if the tests are aimed at checking some particular indicators, not being flexible.

Say “No” to Automation

Automated approach may seem the manna from heaven. With this testing format, the number of tests to perform can be increased significantly. That means you will investigate the product from as many angles as possible in a less time-consuming manner. Nevertheless, please remember the rule of thumb: it is a Mission Impossible to carry out testing with automated cases only.

A lot of tests are dedicated for manual testing. What is test cases in manual testing then? The main principles are the same, but the objects differ. We go for this approach when we do not have to examine a specific feature. For example, manual testing is a must for UI and UX tests, as well as research and API checks.

Here is one simple recommendation on how to understand that automation should be avoided. In case a test example contains some “blind spots” (indicators that aren’t understood to the full extent), the best thing to do is to rely on manual testing. A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush: sometimes it is better to spend more time on the procedure but to achieve accurate and in-depth results.

You are welcome to say “yes” to automation, if your goal is to lead time-consuming or repetitive checks. Besides, risk-related analysis and retest are included in the list.

For a company, a testing process isn’t only a fairly expensive experience. If that is not a field of their expertise (which is a common case), lack of time and resources, as well as valid skills and knowledge may prevent them from achieving qualitative results. Since digital projects correspond to the modern fast development cycles, the testing flexibility and efficiency are top parameters.

4testers is a testing platform that has all the required resources and power to conduct multifaceted analysis to achieve your specific objectives. Available 24/7, our services can benefit your business strategy. Take advantage of our particular crowdtesting approach — our specialists are always there to create, arrange and apply transparent and effective test cases for both manual and automated check scenarios.

Test case documentation or What is test case?

Accompanying activities such as planning and documenting the process are important for testing, in addition to performing the test directly. Testers are therefore responsible for developing test scenarios, preparing tests, and evaluating test results.

Professional documentation of a tester, where a sequence of actions aimed at testing the functionality of a product under test is entered, is called a test case. What is meant by test case? In terminology it is a document that contains steps records, specific conditions and parameters describing how to arrive at an actual result. What is the test case in testing? Basically, it is a description of a system test that can be performed by any person in the team, be it a tester, developer, analyst or even a business customer.

Test cases can be described in different ways and have a different structure depending on the needs of the testing team and the tasks assigned to it. The main attributes that include any test case is:

A unique test case identifier – necessary for convenient storage and navigation through our test kits.

  • Title – the main theme, or idea of a test case. Brief description of its essence.
  • Precautions – a description of conditions that are not directly related to the functionality being tested, but must be met.
  • Steps –  scripts of the sequence of actions that should lead to the expected result.
  • The expected result is what the steps should lead to.

Test cases are needed to test the product without dipping into unnecessary documentation. Written well, easy-to-support test case will save a lot of time and effort for testers. What is a good test case? Good structure and high convenience of test case templates can greatly reduce the time of routine forms filling and increase the efficiency of the team as a whole.

Test cases are the most important part of software development life cycle, and without them it is difficult to trace, understand and argue something. But in the era of Agile test cases are quickly replaced by test scenarios. Let’s try to figure out what is a test case and test scenario

What is test scenario

A set of test cases, which helps the testing team to identify positive and negative characteristics of the project is called a test scenario. A test scenario gives an overview of what we need to test. It is basically one-line information. 

What is testing in software testing? In a test scenario, testers put themselves in the place of end users and find out the real scenarios and usage options that can be executed in software by the end user. Testers get help from customers, stakeholders and developers to create test scenarios. Test cases are derived (or written) from the test scenario. Scenarios are derived from cases that have already been used. 

Test scenarios are performed to make sure that the software functioning is normal or that all business flows of the software processes are normal. Because test scenarios provide little information on how to complete testing, they provide maximum flexibility for the tester responsible for them.

How test documentation is created

Usually test scenarios are formulated in natural language as a text description. Automated test scenarios can be formulated directly in the programming language. 

When creating test scenarios, it is important to follow several rules – regardless of whether they are intended for manual testing or for testing automation tools. They must be accurately described, but also be simple and transparent. In this way, you can be sure that the testers have a crystal clear understanding of what is expected of them.

What makes a good test case? It is important to identify consistent and objective usage options and to enrich them with qualitative and quantitative questions. It is equally important to explain exactly what testers should do and what steps to take. Test cases should always be written from the end user’s perspective and should not be repeated. At writing also it is important to consider all requirements to the software – that which is not written down, will not be checked, the specification is key.

As a rule, someone from the QA command writes test cases. It doesn’t include unit tests written by the development team but we won’t go into what is a unit test case in this post. Make sure that the one who writes the test cases has decent writing skills and understands the purpose and value of the test cases. Writing test cases is almost as important as the testing process itself. Writing test cases helps you think through the details and make sure that you approach the tests from the best possible angle.

What is a test case in QA

The success of digital product testing depends on how reliably test cases are designed, written and supported. The expected result of a test case is divided into positive and negative test cases. So, what is negative test case and what is positive test case

The positive case test uses only correct data and checks that the application has performed the called function correctly.

The negative case test operates with both correct and incorrect data (at least 1 incorrect parameter) and checks for exceptional situations (triggering of validators) and also checks that the function called by the application is not executed when the validator is triggered.

Test cases are used to perform various types of manual testing:

  • functional testing;
  • acceptance testing;
  • load testing or stress testing;
  • research testing;
  • smoke testing, etc.

Test cases can (and should) be automated if:

  • Tests are used repeatedly.
  • Tests include multiple data entries.
  • Tests explicitly pass or fail. 
  • Tests give an accurate result.
  • Tests use a consistent user interface and regular controls.
  • Tests should only do what they are told, not check anything else. 

What test cases cannot be automated

Automating all your tests may seem attractive. The goal of creating automated test cases is to increase your test coverage and help your testers test more in less time, but sometimes it is difficult and impractical. Some tests are better suited for manual testing. 

What is test cases in manual testing? Subjective test cases are test cases that do not check a clear function and must be performed manually. Here are some examples of test cases that cannot be automated:

  • Research tests
  • UX tests
  • UI tests
  • API tests

Here’s a tip when to avoid automation. If you have a test example that is not yet fully understood, it is best to perform manual testing. Otherwise, you may get a false result. Remember that your ultimate goals are accuracy and reliable results as well as in-depth tests.

Finally, stick to these principles when choosing test examples for automation: always automate time-consuming tests, repetitive tests, retest, complex tests, and risk-related tests. 

Testing is a fairly expensive process. The most common problems when creating test scripts are lack of time, resources, and expertise. As more and more digital projects deal with fast development cycles and flexible testing, time and manpower have become pressing issues. 

4testers are available 24/7 to create case studies that meet the specific requirements of your digital product. Take advantage of our crowdtesting platform and get detailed, simple and transparent test examples for your manual or automated testing scenario.

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